Data Overview

Publication
Energy and material flows of megacities
Author(s)
Kennedy, Christopher A. and Stewart, Iain and Facchini, Angelo and Cersosimo, Igor and Mele, Renata and Chen, Bin and Uda, Mariko and Kansal, Arun and Chiu, Anthony and Kim, Kwi-gon and Dubeux, Carolina and Lebre La Rovere, Emilio and Cunha, Bruno and Pin
City/Region
London
Data Points
136

Data

Area Sub-area Indicator Year Value Unit Comments
Energy mobile 10-year growth rate 2001-2011 - Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) 2001 -2011 -12.05 % Comments
Energy mobile 10-year growth rate 2001-2011 - Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2001 -2011 -7.49 % Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy 10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 2001 -2011 37.84 % Comments
Waste final disposal 10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 2001 -2011 -36.67 % Comments
Energy stationary 10-year growth rate in Total Electricity Consumption 2001-2011 2001 -2011 -3.95 % Comments
Water consumption 10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 2001 -2011 10.96 % Comments
Biophysical Characteristics weather Annnual precipitation 2011 601 mm
Biophysical Characteristics weather Annual solar radiation 2011 1,050 k Wh/m2
Energy stationary Biomass/biofuels 2006 361.44 TJ
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Brinkhoff population 2010 12,400,000 habitants
Biophysical Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - comercial and institutional 2005 75,319,490 m2 Comments
Biophysical Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - residential 2005 138,961,340 m2 Comments
Biophysical Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - total 2005 214,280,830 m2 Comments
Materials building materials Cement - consumption 2000 1,503.35 Kt Comments
Materials building materials Cement - net import 2000 43.57 Kt Comments
Materials building materials Cement - production 2000 1,459.78 Kt Comments
Energy electricity sources Coal 2001 40 %
Energy stationary Coal 2006 3.24 TJ
Energy electricity sources Coal 2006 44.80 %
Energy electricity sources Coal 2011 37.30 %
Energy stationary energy consumption commercial/institutional 2011 13.20 %
Biophysical Characteristics weather Cooling degree days 2011 6 CDD
Energy mobile Diesel 2001 85,101.94 TJ
Energy mobile Diesel 2006 106,773.87 TJ
Energy mobile Diesel 2011 109,226.49 TJ
Energy stationary Electrical line losses 2001 3,862.75 GWh
Energy stationary Electrical line losses 2006 3,426.25 GWh
Energy stationary Electrical line losses 2011 3,466.26 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2001 41,590 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2006 42,843.37 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2011 39,945.74 GWh Comments
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - commercial / institutional 2011 11.10 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - industrial 2011 11.40 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - other / conv/trans/distr losses 2011 61.30 % Comments
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - other / energy industry 2011 3.10 % Comments
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - other / exports 2011 0.30 % Comments
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - residential 2011 12.40 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - transportation 2011 0.50 %
Materials biomass Food - consumption 2000 6,900.03 Kt Comments
Materials biomass Food - net import 2000 1,315.74 Kt Comments
Materials biomass Food - production 2000 5,589.72 Kt Comments
Energy stationary Fuel oil 2001 142,888.40 TJ
Energy stationary Fuel oil 2006 128,401.56 TJ
Energy stationary Fuel oil 2011 156,548.90 TJ
Energy mobile Gasoline 2001 112,661.55 TJ
Energy mobile Gasoline 2006 97,568.14 TJ
Energy mobile Gasoline 2011 73,729.17 TJ
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2001 168,410,000,000 GBD pounds; 2010
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2001 280,683,333,333 US dollars; 2010 Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2006 225,270,000,000 GBD pounds; 2010
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2006 375,450,000,000 US dollars; 2010 Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2010 270,830,000,000 GBD pounds; 2010 Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2010 386,900,000,000 US dollars; 2010 Comments
Energy electricity sources GHG emissions factor 2001 487.37 t CO2e / GWh
Energy electricity sources GHG emissions factor 2006 511.17 t CO2e / GWh
Energy electricity sources GHG emissions factor 2011 457.47 t CO2e / GWh
Biophysical Characteristics weather Heating degree days 2011 2,333 HDD
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2001 0.40 %
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2006 0.40 %
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2011 0.60 %
Energy stationary energy consumption industrial 2011 20.80 %
Energy mobile Jet fuel 2001 61,650 TJ
Energy mobile Jet fuel 2006 1,770.60 TJ
Energy mobile Jet fuel 2011 1,556.20 TJ
Biophysical Characteristics land use Land area 2011 1,594.70 km2
Water consumption Line losses 2001 159,887 ML
Water consumption Line losses 2006 210,378 ML
Water consumption Line losses 2011 148,947 ML
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2001 31.80 % Comments
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2006 41.10 % Comments
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2011 26.70 % Comments
Energy mobile Marine fuel 2001 4,500 TJ
Energy mobile Marine fuel 2006 9,450 TJ
Energy mobile Marine fuel 2011 1,771.20 TJ
Energy stationary Natural gas 2001 320,814 TJ
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2001 31.10 %
Energy stationary Natural gas 2006 277,020.36 TJ
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2006 31.10 %
Energy stationary Natural gas 2011 230,094 TJ
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2011 31.10 %
Energy electricity sources Nuclear 2001 27.20 %
Energy electricity sources Nuclear 2006 21.90 %
Energy electricity sources Nuclear 2011 23.10 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site wind 2011 1.60 %
Energy electricity sources Oil 2001 1.10 %
Energy electricity sources Oil 2006 1.20 %
Energy electricity sources Oil 2011 0.50 %
Energy electricity sources Other 2011 1.90 %
Energy stationary energy consumption other / transport 2011 42.40 % Comments
Materials fossil fuels plastic - consumption 2000 690.76 Kt Comments
Materials fossil fuels plastic - net import 2000 154.87 Kt Comments
Materials fossil fuels plastic - production 2000 535.90 Kt Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population 2001 7,322,400 habitants
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population 2006 7,546,600 habitants
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population 2011 8,173,941 habitants
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population growth rate 2001-11 2001 -2011 11.63 % Comments
Materials biomass pulp & paper - consumption 2000 3,209.02 Kt Comments
Materials biomass pulp & paper - net import 2000 1,182.39 Kt Comments
Materials biomass pulp & paper - production 2000 2,026.63 Kt Comments
Energy stationary energy consumption residential 2011 23.60 %
Waste final disposal Solid waste disposal - land 2001 3,207 Kt
Waste final disposal Solid waste disposal - land 2006 2,692 Kt
Waste final disposal Solid waste disposal - land 2011 1,696 Kt
Materials building materials Steel - consumption 2000 642 Kt Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2001 41,590 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2001 149,724 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2006 42,843.37 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2006 154,236.13 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2011 39,945.74 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2011 143,804.67 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) 2001 463,702.40 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) 2006 405,786.60 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) 2011 386,642.90 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) 2011 142,284.59 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2001 811,189.89 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2006 764,364.74 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2011 713,403.23 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2001 197,763.49 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2006 204,342.01 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2011 182,955.66 TJ Comments
Waste final disposal Total solid waste disposal 2001 4,093 Kt Comments
Waste final disposal Total solid waste disposal 2006 3,459 Kt Comments
Waste final disposal Total solid waste disposal 2011 2,592 Kt Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2001 503,150 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2006 512,382 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2011 558,319 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2001 663,037 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2006 722,760 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2011 707,266 ML Comments
Biophysical Characteristics land use Urbanized area 2011 560.10 km2
Waste final disposal Waste incineration 2001 886 Kt
Waste final disposal Waste incineration 2006 767 Kt
Waste final disposal Waste incineration 2011 896 Kt
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2001 503,150 ML
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2006 512,382 ML
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2011 558,319 ML

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