Data Overview

Publication
Energy and material flows of megacities
Author(s)
Kennedy, Christopher A. and Stewart, Iain and Facchini, Angelo and Cersosimo, Igor and Mele, Renata and Chen, Bin and Uda, Mariko and Kansal, Arun and Chiu, Anthony and Kim, Kwi-gon and Dubeux, Carolina and Lebre La Rovere, Emilio and Cunha, Bruno and Pin
City/Region
Istanbul
Data Points
130

Data

Area Sub-area Indicator Year Value Unit Comments
Energy total 10-year growth rate 2001-2011 - Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) 2001 -2011 22.99 % Comments
Energy mobile 10-year growth rate 2001-2011 - Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2001 -2011 35.37 % Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy 10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 2001 -2011 653.44 % Comments
Waste final disposal 10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 2001 -2011 50.25 % Comments
Energy stationary 10-year growth rate in Total Electricity Consumption 2001-2011 2001 -2011 148.27 % Comments
Water consumption 10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 2001 -2011 28.31 % Comments
Biophysical Characteristics weather Annnual precipitation 2011 852 mm
Biophysical Characteristics weather Annual solar radiation 2011 1,450 k Wh/m2
Energy stationary Biomass/biofuels 2006 26,109 TJ
Energy stationary Biomass/biofuels 2011 28,200 TJ
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Brinkhoff population 2011 12,800,000 habitants
Biophysical Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - residential 2011 148,929,820 m2
Biophysical Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - residential per capita 2011 11.05 m2 Comments
Materials building materials Cement - consumption 2011 1,705.95 Kt
Materials building materials Cement - production 2011 13,212.25 Kt
Energy stationary Coal 2001 73,269 TJ
Energy electricity sources Coal 2001 0 %
Energy stationary Coal 2006 27,622 TJ
Energy electricity sources Coal 2006 0 %
Energy stationary Coal 2011 25,497 TJ
Energy electricity sources Coal 2011 0 %
Biophysical Characteristics weather Cooling degree days 2011 123 CDD
Energy mobile Diesel 2001 31,736 TJ
Energy mobile Diesel 2006 35,901 TJ
Energy mobile Diesel 2011 45,259 TJ
Energy stationary Electrical line losses 2001 1,848 GWh
Energy stationary Electrical line losses 2006 2,200 GWh
Energy stationary Electrical line losses 2011 2,000 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable 2001 0 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable 2006 300 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable 2011 3,066 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2001 15,406.07 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2006 24,000 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2011 35,182.73 GWh
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - commercial / institutional 2011 28 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - industrial 2011 31 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - residential 2011 34 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - transportation 2011 7 %
Energy stationary Fuel oil 2001 153,684 TJ
Energy stationary Fuel oil 2006 59,494 TJ
Energy stationary Fuel oil 2011 24,618 TJ
Energy mobile Gasoline 2001 24,545 TJ
Energy mobile Gasoline 2006 33,850 TJ
Energy mobile Gasoline 2011 23,131 TJ
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2001 18,689,762,564 USD
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2001 18,689,762,564 US dollars; 2010 Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2006 87,165,000,000 USD
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2006 87,165,000,000 US dollars; 2010 Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2011 140,816,995,088 USD
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2011 140,816,995,088 US dollars; 2010 Comments
Energy electricity sources GHG emissions factor 2006 517.18 t CO2e / GWh
Energy electricity sources GHG emissions factor 2011 631.01 t CO2e / GWh
Biophysical Characteristics weather Heating degree days 2011 1,996 HDD
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2001 0 %
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2006 0 %
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2011 0 %
Biophysical Characteristics land use Land area 2011 5,461 km2
Water consumption Line losses 2001 243,960 ML
Water consumption Line losses 2006 212,280 ML
Water consumption Line losses 2011 148,274 ML
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2001 0.38 % Comments
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2006 0.29 % Comments
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2011 0.18 % Comments
Energy mobile Marine fuel 2011 4,816 TJ
Energy stationary Natural gas 2001 68,000 TJ
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2001 10 %
Energy stationary Natural gas 2006 140,000 TJ
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2006 68 %
Energy stationary Natural gas 2011 208,000 TJ
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2011 65 %
Energy electricity sources Nuclear 2001 0 %
Energy electricity sources Nuclear 2006 0 %
Energy electricity sources Nuclear 2011 0 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site solar 2001 0 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site solar 2006 0 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site solar 2011 0.20 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site wind 2001 0 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site wind 2006 0 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site wind 2011 4.80 %
Energy electricity sources Oil 2001 90 %
Energy electricity sources Oil 2006 32 %
Energy electricity sources Oil 2011 30 %
Energy mobile Other 2006 11,447 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Other 2011 7,795 TJ Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population 2001 8,803,468 habitants
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population 2006 11,622,000 habitants
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population 2011 13,483,052 habitants
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population growth rate 2001-11 2001 -2011 53.16 % Comments
Waste final disposal Solid waste disposal - land 2001 3,465.39 Kt Comments
Waste final disposal Solid waste disposal - land 2006 4,575.59 Kt Comments
Waste final disposal Solid waste disposal - land 2011 5,292.50 Kt Comments
Energy stationary energy consumption Stationary Energy Consumption - commercial/institutional 2011 0 %
Energy stationary energy consumption Stationary Energy Consumption - industrial 2011 0 %
Energy stationary energy consumption Stationary Energy Consumption - residential 2011 10 % Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2001 15,406.07 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2001 55,461.85 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2006 24,300 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2006 87,480 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2011 38,248.73 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2011 137,695.43 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) 2001 294,953 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) 2006 253,225 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) 2011 286,315 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) 2011 28,631.50 TJ Comments
Energy total Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2001 406,695.85 TJ Comments
Energy total Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2006 421,903 TJ Comments
Energy total Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2011 500,195.43 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2001 56,281 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2006 81,198 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2011 76,185 TJ Comments
Waste final disposal Total solid waste disposal 2001 6,516.60 Kt Comments
Waste final disposal Total solid waste disposal 2006 8,426.80 Kt Comments
Waste final disposal Total solid waste disposal 2011 9,791.13 Kt Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2001 642,000 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2005 0 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2006 732,000 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2011 823,749 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2001 885,960 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2006 944,280 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2011 972,023 ML Comments
Biophysical Characteristics land use Urbanized area 2011 5,343 km2
Waste final disposal Waste incineration 2001 3,051.21 Kt Comments
Waste final disposal Waste incineration 2006 3,851.21 Kt Comments
Waste final disposal Waste incineration 2011 4,498.63 Kt Comments
Water Wastewater Wastewater Volume 2001 105,000 ML
Water Wastewater Wastewater Volume 2006 150,000 ML
Water Wastewater Wastewater Volume 2011 183,900 ML
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2001 642,000 ML
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2006 732,000 ML
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2011 823,749 ML

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