Data Overview

Publication
Energy and material flows of megacities
Author(s)
Kennedy, Christopher A. and Stewart, Iain and Facchini, Angelo and Cersosimo, Igor and Mele, Renata and Chen, Bin and Uda, Mariko and Kansal, Arun and Chiu, Anthony and Kim, Kwi-gon and Dubeux, Carolina and Lebre La Rovere, Emilio and Cunha, Bruno and Pin
City/Region
Karachi
Data Points
120

Data

Area Sub-area Indicator Year Value Unit Comments
Energy total 10-year growth rate 2001-2011 - Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) 2001 -2011 636.99 % Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy 10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 2001 -2011 14.29 % Comments
Waste final disposal 10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 2001 -2011 300 % Comments
Energy stationary 10-year growth rate in Total Electricity Consumption 2001-2011 2003 -2010 72.94 % Comments
Water consumption 10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 2001 -2011 98.41 % Comments
Biophysical Characteristics weather Annnual precipitation 2011 214 mm
Biophysical Characteristics weather Annual solar radiation 2011 1,944.44 k Wh/m2
Energy stationary Biomass/biofuels 2011 113,505.85 TJ Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Brinkhoff population 2011 16,200,000 habitants
Biophysical Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - comercial and institutional 2011 34,811,089.72 m2
Biophysical Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - Industrial 2011 80,585,123.18 m2
Biophysical Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - residential 2011 285,910,659 m2
Biophysical Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - residential per capita 2011 18.45 m2 Comments
Biophysical Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - total 2011 401,306,871.90 m2
Biophysical Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - total per capita 2011 25.89 m2 Comments
Materials building materials Cement - consumption 2011 2,088 Kt
Materials building materials Cement - net import 2011 768,220 Kt
Materials building materials Cement - production 2011 44,000 Kt
Energy electricity sources Coal 2001 0.40 %
Energy electricity sources Coal 2006 7.30 %
Energy stationary Coal 2011 15,462.65 TJ Comments
Energy electricity sources Coal 2011 0.43 %
Biophysical Characteristics weather Cooling degree days 2011 1,149 CDD
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2003 11,964 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2010 20,690 GWh
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - commercial / institutional 2011 10.36 % Comments
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - industrial 2011 34.22 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - other / agriculture 2011 1.24 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - other / bulk supply + other 2011 11.10 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - other / public lighting 2011 0.81 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - residential 2011 42.27 %
Materials biomass Food - Other - consumption / maize 2011 607 Kt
Materials biomass Food - Other - consumption / rice 2011 2,800 Kt
Materials biomass Food - Other - consumption / soybean 2011 0.01 Kt
Materials biomass Food - Other - consumption / wheat 2011 21,700 Kt
Materials biomass Food - Other - net import / maize 2011 130.83 Kt
Materials biomass Food - Other - net import / rice 2011 3,579 Kt
Materials biomass Food - Other - net import / soybean 2011 0 Kt
Materials biomass Food - Other - net import / wheat 2011 1,820.23 Kt
Materials biomass Food - Other - production / maize 2011 3,706.91 Kt
Materials biomass Food - Other - production / rice 2011 6,900 Kt
Materials biomass Food - Other - production / soybean 2011 0.05 Kt
Materials biomass Food - Other - production / wheat 2011 23,310.80 Kt
Energy stationary Fuel oil 2011 8,522.41 TJ Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2001 70,000,000,000 USD
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2001 70,000,000,000 US dollars; 2010 Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2006 75,000,000,000 USD
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2006 75,000,000,000 US dollars; 2010 Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2011 80,000,000,000 USD
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2011 80,000,000,000 US dollars; 2010 Comments
Energy electricity sources GHG emissions factor 2006 1.30 t CO2e / GWh Comments
Energy electricity sources GHG emissions factor 2011 1.90 t CO2e / GWh Comments
Biophysical Characteristics weather Heating degree days 2011 153 HDD
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2001 25.20 %
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2006 12.60 %
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2011 33.60 %
Biophysical Characteristics land use Land area 2011 3,527 km2
Water consumption Line losses 2001 75,700 ML
Water consumption Line losses 2006 113,550 ML
Water consumption Line losses 2011 151,400 ML
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2001 0.40 %
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2006 0.40 % Comments
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2011 0.40 % Comments
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2001 32 %
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2006 64.59 %
Energy stationary Natural gas 2011 55,585.04 TJ Comments
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2011 55.38 %
Energy electricity sources Nuclear 2002 2.90 %
Energy electricity sources Nuclear 2005 1.60 %
Energy electricity sources Nuclear 2011 1.98 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site solar 2011 0 % Comments
Energy electricity sources Off-site wind 2011 0 % Comments
Energy electricity sources Oil 2001 39.50 %
Energy electricity sources Oil 2006 33.81 %
Energy electricity sources Oil 2011 41.59 %
Materials other Other - consumption / plastic 2011 48.05 Kt
Materials other Other - consumption / pulp and paper 2011 434.74 Kt
Materials other Other - net import / bricks and tiles 2011 5,300 Kt
Materials other Other - production / plastic 2011 624.20 Kt
Materials other Other - production / pulp and paper 2011 900 Kt
Energy mobile Other / natural gas 2011 10,436 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Other / oil 2011 39,427.97 TJ Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population 2001 12,000,000 habitants
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population 2006 13,500,000 habitants
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population 2011 15,500,000 habitants
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population growth rate 2001-11 2001 -2011 29.17 %
Waste final disposal Solid waste disposal - land 2001 400 Kt Comments
Waste final disposal Solid waste disposal - land 2006 900 Kt Comments
Waste final disposal Solid waste disposal - land 2011 1,600 Kt Comments
Materials building materials Steel - consumption 2011 7,000 Kt
Materials building materials Steel - net import 2011 3,200 Kt
Materials building materials Steel - production 2011 400 Kt
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2001 11,964 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2001 43,070.40 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2011 20,690 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2011 74,484 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) 2011 193,075.94 TJ Comments
Energy total Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2001 43,070.40 TJ Comments
Energy total Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2011 317,423.91 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2011 49,863.97 TJ Comments
Waste final disposal Total solid waste disposal 2001 400 Kt Comments
Waste final disposal Total solid waste disposal 2006 1,009.50 Kt Comments
Waste final disposal Total solid waste disposal 2011 1,600 Kt Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2001 190,764 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2006 284,632 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2011 378,500 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2001 266,464 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2006 398,182 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2011 529,900 ML Comments
Biophysical Characteristics land use Urbanized area 2011 2,000 km2
Waste final disposal Waste incineration 2006 109.50 Kt Comments
Water Wastewater Wastewater Loading 2011 0.60 kt BOD
Water Wastewater Wastewater Volume 2001 161,241 ML Comments
Water Wastewater Wastewater Volume 2006 168,811 ML Comments
Water Wastewater Wastewater Volume 2011 172,596 ML Comments
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2001 190,764 ML
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2006 284,632 ML
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2011 378,500 ML
Water consumption Water Production - ground water 2011 29,603,564.16 ML
Water consumption Water Production - surface water 2011 188,722,721.52 ML

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