Data Overview

Publication
Energy and material flows of megacities
Author(s)
Kennedy, Christopher A. and Stewart, Iain and Facchini, Angelo and Cersosimo, Igor and Mele, Renata and Chen, Bin and Uda, Mariko and Kansal, Arun and Chiu, Anthony and Kim, Kwi-gon and Dubeux, Carolina and Lebre La Rovere, Emilio and Cunha, Bruno and Pin
City/Region
Paris
Data Points
124

Data

Area Sub-area Indicator Year Value Unit Comments
Energy total 10-year growth rate 2001-2011 - Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) 2001 -2011 -2.89 % Comments
Energy mobile 10-year growth rate 2001-2011 - Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2001 -2011 -3.17 % Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy 10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 2001 -2011 44.32 % Comments
Waste final disposal 10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 2002 -2010 37.51 % Comments
Energy stationary 10-year growth rate in Total Electricity Consumption 2001-2011 2002 -2009 3.17 %
Biophysical Characteristics weather Annnual precipitation 2011 637.40 mm
Biophysical Characteristics weather Annual solar radiation 2011 1,117 k Wh/m2
Energy stationary Biomass/biofuels 2002 3,612 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Biomass/biofuels 2006 12,012 TJ
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Brinkhoff population 2010 10,400,000 habitants
Biophysical Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - comercial and institutional 2011 196,000,000 m2
Biophysical Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - Industrial 2011 405,000,000 m2
Biophysical Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - residential 2011 350,000,000 m2
Biophysical Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - total 2011 951,000,000 m2 Comments
Materials building materials Cement - consumption 2012 2,315 Kt
Materials building materials Cement - net import 2008 1,615 Kt
Materials building materials Cement - production 2008 700 Kt
Energy electricity sources Coal 2001 3 %
Energy stationary Coal 2002 1,428 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Coal 2006 1,092 TJ
Energy electricity sources Coal 2006 5 %
Energy stationary Coal 2011 1,638 TJ
Biophysical Characteristics weather Cooling degree days 2011 24 CDD
Energy mobile Diesel 2001 127,010 TJ
Energy mobile Diesel 2006 138,096 TJ
Energy stationary Electrical line losses 2009 11,500 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable 2002 54 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable 2006 57 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2002 66,062 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2006 65,546 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2009 68,215 GWh Comments
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - commercial / institutional 2011 42 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - industrial 2011 13 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - residential 2011 41 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - transportation 2011 4 %
Materials biomass Food - consumption 2006 10,953 Kt
Materials biomass Food - net import 2006 4,578 Kt
Materials biomass Food - production 2006 6,375 Kt
Energy stationary Fuel oil 2002 52,634 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Fuel oil 2007 52,080 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Fuel oil 2011 40,992 TJ
Energy mobile Gasoline 2001 86,052 TJ
Energy mobile Gasoline 2006 68,208 TJ
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2001 420,890,000,000 Euros
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2001 467,655,555,556 US dollars; 2010
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2006 501,000,000,000 Euros
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2006 556,666,666,667 US dollars; 2010
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2011 607,439,000,000 Euros
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2011 674,932,222,222 US dollars; 2010
Energy electricity sources GHG emissions factor 2004 84.41 t CO2e / GWh Comments
Biophysical Characteristics weather Heating degree days 2011 2,157 HDD
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2001 15 %
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2006 12 %
Energy mobile Jet fuel 2001 200,000 TJ
Energy mobile Jet fuel 2006 253,000 TJ
Biophysical Characteristics land use Land area 2011 12,011 km2
Water consumption Line losses 2011 97,243 ML
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2011 6 % Comments
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2001 2 %
Energy stationary Natural gas 2002 266,366 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Natural gas 2006 285,574 TJ
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2006 4 %
Energy stationary Natural gas 2011 242,676 TJ
Energy electricity sources Nuclear 2001 76 %
Energy electricity sources Nuclear 2006 78 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site solar 2001 0 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site solar 2006 0 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site wind 2001 0 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site wind 2006 0 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site wind 2011 0.30 %
Energy electricity sources Oil 2001 1 %
Energy electricity sources Oil 2006 2 %
Materials other Other - consumption 2011 29,122 Kt Comments
Materials other Other - net import 2011 12,132 Kt Comments
Materials other Other - production 2011 16,990 Kt Comments
Energy electricity sources Other / waste and others 2001 2 %
Energy electricity sources Other / waste and others 2006 3 %
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population 2001 11,114,790 habitants
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population 2005 11,532,400 habitants
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population 2006 11,532,400 habitants
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population 2011 11,852,851 habitants
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population growth rate 2001-11 2001 -2011 6.64 % Comments
Waste final disposal Solid waste disposal - land 2002 1,215 Kt Comments
Waste final disposal Solid waste disposal - land 2010 2,635 Kt Comments
Energy stationary energy consumption Stationary Energy Consumption - commercial/institutional 2011 30 %
Energy stationary energy consumption Stationary Energy Consumption - industrial 2011 15 % Comments
Energy stationary energy consumption Stationary Energy Consumption - residential 2011 56 %
Materials building materials Steel - consumption 2003 211 Kt
Materials building materials Steel - net import 2003 211 Kt
Materials building materials Steel - production 2003 0 Kt
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2002 66,116 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2002 238,017.60 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2006 65,603 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2006 236,170.80 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2009 68,215 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2009 245,574 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) 2001 320,428 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) 2006 342,358 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) 2011 297,318 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) 2011 255,693.48 TJ Comments
Energy total Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2001 771,507.60 TJ Comments
Energy total Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2006 784,832.80 TJ Comments
Energy total Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2011 749,196 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2001 213,062 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2006 206,304 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2011 206,304 TJ Comments
Materials total Total Materials - consumption 2011 79,490 Kt
Materials total Total Materials - net import 2011 55,950 Kt
Materials total Total Materials - production 2011 23,540 Kt
Waste final disposal Total solid waste disposal 2002 4,751 Kt Comments
Waste final disposal Total solid waste disposal 2010 6,533 Kt Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2011 1,615,054.36 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2011 1,712,297.36 ML Comments
Biophysical Characteristics land use Urbanized area 2011 2,535 km2
Waste final disposal Waste incineration 2002 3,536 Kt Comments
Waste final disposal Waste incineration 2010 3,898 Kt Comments
Water Wastewater Wastewater Loading 2001 122.80 kt BOD
Water Wastewater Wastewater Loading 2006 180.20 kt BOD
Water Wastewater Wastewater Loading 2011 66.50 kt BOD
Water Wastewater Wastewater Volume 2001 1,250,835 ML
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2011 1,615,054.36 ML
Water consumption Water Production 2011 1,736,840.13 ML
Water consumption Water Production - ground water 2011 356,430.37 ML
Water consumption Water Production - surface water 2011 1,380,409.76 ML

You can help! We have embarked upon the time-consuming but very rewarding task of extracting urban metabolism figures from publications, in order to enable fellow researchers to more easily and quickly access these figures and save time in their work. Although we already have a lot of data, there is still lots more out there. Are you willing to help? Get in touch!