Data Overview

Publication
Energy and material flows of megacities
Author(s)
Kennedy, Christopher A. and Stewart, Iain and Facchini, Angelo and Cersosimo, Igor and Mele, Renata and Chen, Bin and Uda, Mariko and Kansal, Arun and Chiu, Anthony and Kim, Kwi-gon and Dubeux, Carolina and Lebre La Rovere, Emilio and Cunha, Bruno and Pin
City/Region
Sao Paulo
Data Points
147

Data

Area Sub-area Indicator Year Value Unit Comments
Energy total 10-year growth rate 2001-2011 - Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) 2001 -2011 37.98 % Comments
Energy mobile 10-year growth rate 2001-2011 - Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2001 -2011 34.48 % Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy 10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 2001 -2011 161.58 % Comments
Energy stationary 10-year growth rate in Total Electricity Consumption 2001-2011 2001 -2011 44.11 % Comments
Water consumption 10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 2001 -2011 21.51 % Comments
Biophysical Characteristics weather Annnual precipitation 2011 1,350 mm
Biophysical Characteristics weather Annual solar radiation 2011 1,511.10 k Wh/m2
Energy stationary Biomass/biofuels 2001 0 TJ
Energy stationary Biomass/biofuels 2006 0 TJ
Energy stationary Biomass/biofuels 2010 0 TJ
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Brinkhoff population 2011 20,900,000 habitants
Materials building materials Cement - consumption 2011 8,176.81 Kt
Materials building materials Cement - net import 2011 3,108 Kt
Materials building materials Cement - production 2011 5,069 Kt
Energy stationary Coal 2001 0 TJ
Energy electricity sources Coal 2002 4.30 %
Energy stationary Coal 2006 0 TJ
Energy electricity sources Coal 2006 1.60 %
Energy stationary Coal 2010 0 TJ
Energy electricity sources Coal 2010 1.40 %
Biophysical Characteristics weather Cooling degree days 2011 120 CDD
Energy mobile Diesel 2001 73,422 TJ
Energy mobile Diesel 2006 75,222 TJ
Energy mobile Diesel 2010 76,100 TJ
Energy stationary Electrical line losses 2001 3,735 GWh
Energy stationary Electrical line losses 2006 4,556 GWh
Energy stationary Electrical line losses 2010 5,382.98 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable 2001 0 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable 2006 0 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable 2010 0 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2001 37,354 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2006 45,555 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2010 53,830 GWh
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - commercial / institutional 2011 25.80 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - industrial 2011 30 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - residential 2011 34.30 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - transportation 2011 0 %
Materials biomass Food - consumption 2011 11,488 Kt
Materials biomass Food - net import 2011 11,206 Kt
Materials biomass Food - production 2011 282 Kt
Energy stationary Fuel oil 2001 20,361 TJ
Energy stationary Fuel oil 2006 5,245 TJ
Energy stationary Fuel oil 2010 2,656 TJ
Energy mobile Gasoline 2001 95,961 TJ
Energy mobile Gasoline 2006 89,300 TJ
Energy mobile Gasoline 2010 108,785 TJ
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2001 158,500,000,000 USD; year 2010
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2001 158,500,000,000 US dollars; 2010
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2006 266,200,000,000 USD; year 2010
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2006 266,200,000,000 US dollars; 2010
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2011 414,600,000,000 USD; year 2010
Socioeconomic Characteristics economy GDP 2011 414,600,000,000 US dollars; 2010
Energy electricity sources GHG emissions factor 2006 32.30 t CO2e / GWh
Energy electricity sources GHG emissions factor 2010 51.20 t CO2e / GWh
Biophysical Characteristics weather Heating degree days 2011 495 HDD
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2002 69.80 %
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2006 84.60 %
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2010 80.50 %
Energy mobile Jet fuel 2001 55,123 TJ
Energy mobile Jet fuel 2006 67,694 TJ
Energy mobile Jet fuel 2010 94,589 TJ
Biophysical Characteristics land use Land area 2011 7,946.82 km2
Water consumption Line losses 2001 740,748 ML
Water consumption Line losses 2006 852,589 ML
Water consumption Line losses 2010 835,333 ML
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2001 0.77 % Comments
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2006 0.82 % Comments
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2010 0.71 % Comments
Energy stationary Natural gas 2001 17,362 TJ
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2002 7.60 %
Energy stationary Natural gas 2006 42,534 TJ
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2006 4 %
Energy stationary Natural gas 2010 45,901 TJ
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2010 6.80 %
Energy electricity sources Nuclear 2002 10.20 %
Energy electricity sources Nuclear 2006 3 %
Energy electricity sources Nuclear 2010 2.70 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site solar 2002 0 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site solar 2006 0 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site solar 2010 0 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site wind 2002 0.10 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site wind 2006 0.10 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site wind 2010 0.40 %
Energy electricity sources Oil 2002 7.60 %
Energy electricity sources Oil 2006 2.60 %
Energy electricity sources Oil 2010 3.60 %
Energy electricity sources Other / biomass 2002 0.40 %
Energy electricity sources Other / biomass 2006 4.20 %
Energy electricity sources Other / biomass 2010 4.70 %
Energy mobile Other / ethanol 2001 25,239 TJ
Energy mobile Other / ethanol 2006 45,628 TJ
Energy mobile Other / ethanol 2010 74,854 TJ
Energy mobile Other / natural gas 2001 2,898 TJ
Energy mobile Other / natural gas 2006 11,227 TJ
Energy mobile Other / natural gas 2010 5,883 TJ
Energy stationary Other / other oil products 2001 47,443 TJ
Energy stationary Other / other oil products 2006 45,360 TJ
Energy stationary Other / other oil products 2010 67,615 TJ
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population 2000 17,882,322 habitants Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population 2006 19,189,471 habitants
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population 2010 19,822,559 habitants Comments
Socioeconomic Characteristics demography Population growth rate 2001-11 2001 -2011 10.85 % Comments
Waste final disposal Solid waste disposal - land 2006 4,496 Kt
Waste final disposal Solid waste disposal - land 2010 5,836 Kt
Energy stationary energy consumption Stationary Energy Consumption - commercial/institutional 2011 4.50 %
Energy stationary energy consumption Stationary Energy Consumption - industrial 2011 47 %
Energy stationary energy consumption Stationary Energy Consumption - residential 2011 22.90 %
Materials building materials Steel - consumption 2011 4,281.67 Kt
Materials building materials Steel - net import 2011 1,039 Kt
Materials building materials Steel - production 2011 3,243 Kt
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2001 37,354 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2001 134,474.40 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2006 45,555 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2006 163,998 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2010 53,830 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2010 193,788 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) 2001 85,166 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) 2006 93,139 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) 2010 116,172 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) 2010 31,831.13 TJ Comments
Energy total Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2001 417,160.40 TJ Comments
Energy total Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2006 478,514 TJ Comments
Energy total Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2010 575,582 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2001 197,520 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2006 221,377 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2010 265,622 TJ Comments
Waste final disposal Total solid waste disposal 2006 4,496 Kt Comments
Waste final disposal Total solid waste disposal 2010 5,836 Kt Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2001 962,637 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2006 1,037,204 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2010 1,169,665 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2001 1,703,385 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2006 1,889,793 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2010 2,004,998 ML Comments
Biophysical Characteristics land use Urbanized area 2011 1,957.48 km2
Water Wastewater Wastewater Loading 2001 352 kt BOD
Water Wastewater Wastewater Loading 2006 378 kt BOD
Water Wastewater Wastewater Loading 2010 391 kt BOD
Water Wastewater Wastewater Volume 2001 770,109 ML
Water Wastewater Wastewater Volume 2006 829,763 ML
Water Wastewater Wastewater Volume 2010 935,732 ML
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2001 962,637 ML
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2006 1,037,204 ML
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2010 1,169,665 ML
Water consumption Water Production 2001 1,703,385 ML
Water consumption Water Production 2006 1,889,793 ML
Water consumption Water Production 2010 2,004,999 ML

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