Urban metabolism: A review of research methodologies

Title
Urban metabolism: A review of research methodologies
Author(s)
Tianzhu Zhang
Year
2013
Source
Environmental Pollution
DOI
10.1016/j.envpol.2013.03.052
Abstract
Urban metabolism analysis has become an important tool for the study of urban ecosystems. The problems of large metabolic throughput, low metabolic efficiency, and disordered metabolic processes are a major cause of unhealthy urban systems. In this paper, I summarize the international research on urban metabolism, and describe the progress that has been made in terms of research methodologies. I also review the methods used in accounting for and evaluating material and energy flows in urban metabolic processes, simulation of these flows using a network model, and practical applications of these methods. Based on this review of the literature, I propose directions for future research, and particularly the need to study the urban carbon metabolism because of the modern context of global climate change. Moreover, I recommend more research on the optimal regulation of urban metabolic systems.
More Information
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.03.052

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