The Life Cycle of Chlorine, Part III

The Life Cycle of Chlorine, Part III
Robert Ayres
Journal of Industrial Ecology, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 93–115

In the two previous articles in this series we reviewed the major processes of chlorine production (Part I) and its intermediate uses and waste products in the production of other chemicals (Part 11). In this article I consider some of the final applications of chlorine (e.g., for water treatment and pulp bleaching) and the uses of the most important chlorinated compounds such as solvents, chlorofluorocarbons, and the plastic polyvinyl chloride in the industrial economy. I summarize known evidence regarding their environmental fates. The special case of persistent long‐lived toxic compounds (e.g., pesticides) will be discussed in a subsequent article.

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