Data Overview

Publication
Energy and material flows of megacities
Author(s)
Kennedy, Christopher A. and Stewart, Iain and Facchini, Angelo and Cersosimo, Igor and Mele, Renata and Chen, Bin and Uda, Mariko and Kansal, Arun and Chiu, Anthony and Kim, Kwi-gon and Dubeux, Carolina and Lebre La Rovere, Emilio and Cunha, Bruno and Pin
City/Region
Shenzhen
Data Points
139

Data

MTU Area Sub-area Indicator Year Value Unit Comments
Energy total 10-year growth rate 2001-2011 - Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) 2001 -2011 120.05 % Comments
Energy mobile 10-year growth rate 2001-2011 - Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2001 -2011 13.61 % Comments
Urban Characteristics economy 10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 2001 -2011 264.15 %
Waste final disposal 10-year growth rate in solid waste disposal 2001-2011 2001 -2011 19.08 %
Energy stationary 10-year growth rate in Total Electricity Consumption 2001-2011 2001 -2011 227.89 % Comments
Water consumption 10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 2001 -2011 51.80 % Comments
Urban Characteristics weather Annnual precipitation 2011 1,269.70 mm
Urban Characteristics weather Annual solar radiation 2011 2,054.40 k Wh/m2
Urban Characteristics demography Brinkhoff population 2011 10,400,000 habitants
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - comercial and institutional 2011 4,699,300 m2
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - Industrial 2011 4,404,200 m2
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - residential 2011 19,656,300 m2
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - total 2011 28,759,800 m2 Comments
Materials building materials Cement - consumption 2011 130,462.24 Kt
Materials building materials Cement - production 2011 115,920.72 Kt
Energy stationary Coal 2001 961.41 TJ
Energy electricity sources Coal 2001 68.55 %
Energy electricity sources Coal 2006 78.97 %
Energy stationary Coal 2011 1,887.66 TJ
Energy electricity sources Coal 2011 77.80 %
Urban Characteristics weather Cooling degree days 2011 685 CDD
Energy mobile Diesel 2001 53,642.91 TJ
Energy mobile Diesel 2011 32,710.85 TJ
Energy stationary Electrical line losses 2001 1,333.16 GWh
Energy stationary Electrical line losses 2006 3,059.64 GWh
Energy stationary Electrical line losses 2011 4,371 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable 2006 0.04 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption (GWh) - renewable 2011 4.07 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2001 21,228.71 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2006 48,720.38 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2011 69,601.98 GWh
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - commercial / institutional 2011 22.55 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - industrial 2011 60.15 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - residential 2011 12.85 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - transportation 2011 2.17 %
Materials biomass Food - production 2011 161.72 Kt
Energy stationary Fuel oil 2001 16,244.93 TJ
Energy stationary Fuel oil 2011 3,143.21 TJ
Energy mobile Gasoline 2001 6,189.49 TJ
Energy mobile Gasoline 2011 35,264.90 TJ
Urban Characteristics economy GDP 2001 248,248,740,000 Chinese yuan
Urban Characteristics economy GDP 2001 75,226,890,909 US dollars; 2010
Urban Characteristics economy GDP 2006 581,356,240,000 Chinese yuan
Urban Characteristics economy GDP 2006 166,101,782,857 US dollars; 2010
Urban Characteristics economy GDP 2011 1,150,552,980,000 Chinese yuan
Urban Characteristics economy GDP 2011 273,941,185,714 US dollars; 2010
Energy electricity sources GHG emissions factor 2001 625.38 t CO2e / GWh
Energy electricity sources GHG emissions factor 2006 616.78 t CO2e / GWh
Energy electricity sources GHG emissions factor 2011 622.31 t CO2e / GWh
Urban Characteristics weather Heating degree days 2011 377 HDD
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2001 8.17 %
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2006 15.90 %
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2011 17.20 %
Energy mobile Jet fuel 2001 2,924.10 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Jet fuel 2006 2,198.88 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Jet fuel 2011 15,897.53 TJ Comments
Urban Characteristics land use Land area 2011 2,020 km2
Water consumption Line losses 2001 148,921 ML
Water consumption Line losses 2006 45,079.20 ML
Water consumption Line losses 2011 50,355 ML
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2001 0.12 %
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2006 0.03 %
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2011 0.03 %
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2001 3.34 %
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2006 0.48 %
Energy stationary Natural gas 2011 18,682.65 TJ
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2011 1.60 %
Energy electricity sources Nuclear 2001 0.54 %
Energy electricity sources Nuclear 2006 2.13 %
Energy electricity sources Nuclear 2011 1.80 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site wind 2001 0 % Comments
Energy electricity sources Off-site wind 2006 0.09 % Comments
Energy electricity sources Off-site wind 2011 1.30 % Comments
Energy electricity sources Oil 2001 19.40 %
Energy electricity sources Oil 2006 2.43 %
Energy electricity sources Oil 2011 0.30 %
Energy stationary Other / crude oil 2001 5,774.56 TJ
Energy stationary Other / crude oil 2011 12,089.04 TJ
Energy stationary Other / kerosene 2001 164.27 TJ
Energy stationary Other / kerosene 2011 226.43 TJ
Energy stationary Other / LPG 2001 3,065.84 TJ
Energy stationary Other / LPG 2011 2,927.06 TJ
Urban Characteristics demography Population 2001 7,245,700 habitants
Urban Characteristics demography Population 2006 8,711,000 habitants
Urban Characteristics demography Population 2011 10,467,400 habitants
Urban Characteristics demography Population growth rate 2001-11 2001 -2011 44.46 % Comments
Waste final disposal Solid waste disposal - land 2001 2,975.67 Kt
Waste final disposal Solid waste disposal - land 2006 2,577 Kt
Waste final disposal Solid waste disposal - land 2011 2,795.70 Kt
Energy stationary energy consumption Stationary Energy Consumption - commercial/institutional 2011 9 %
Energy stationary energy consumption Stationary Energy Consumption - industrial 2011 63.90 %
Energy stationary energy consumption Stationary Energy Consumption - residential 2011 12.90 %
Materials building materials Steel - net import 2011 16.25 Kt
Materials building materials Steel - production 2011 413.41 Kt
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2001 21,228.71 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2001 76,423.36 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2006 48,720.42 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2006 175,393.51 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2011 69,606.05 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2011 250,581.78 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) 2001 26,211.01 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) 2011 38,956.05 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) 2011 8,531.37 TJ Comments
Energy total Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2001 162,466.77 TJ Comments
Energy total Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2006 175,393.51 TJ Comments
Energy total Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2011 357,513.58 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2001 59,832.40 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2011 67,975.75 TJ Comments
Waste final disposal Total solid waste disposal 2001 3,844.01 Kt
Waste final disposal Total solid waste disposal 2006 3,329 Kt
Waste final disposal Total solid waste disposal 2011 4,577.30 Kt
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2001 1,287,860 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2006 1,731,640 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2011 1,954,910 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2001 1,436,781 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2006 1,776,719.20 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2011 2,005,265 ML Comments
Urban Characteristics land use Urbanized area 2011 1,991.64 km2
Waste final disposal Waste incineration 2001 868.34 Kt
Waste final disposal Waste incineration 2006 752 Kt
Waste final disposal Waste incineration 2011 1,781.60 Kt
Water Wastewater Wastewater Loading 2001 129.82 kt BOD
Water Wastewater Wastewater Loading 2006 186.15 kt BOD
Water Wastewater Wastewater Loading 2011 203.85 kt BOD
Water Wastewater Wastewater Volume 2001 865,450 ML
Water Wastewater Wastewater Volume 2006 1,241,000 ML
Water Wastewater Wastewater Volume 2011 1,359,000 ML
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2001 1,287,860 ML
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2006 1,731,640 ML
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2011 1,954,910 ML
Water consumption Water Production 2001 1,287,860 ML
Water consumption Water Production 2006 1,731,640 ML
Water consumption Water Production 2011 1,954,910 ML
Water consumption Water Production - ground water 2001 59,030 ML
Water consumption Water Production - ground water 2006 55,410 ML
Water consumption Water Production - ground water 2011 9,910 ML
Water consumption Water Production - surface water 2001 1,228,460 ML
Water consumption Water Production - surface water 2006 1,675,810 ML
Water consumption Water Production - surface water 2011 1,852,900 ML

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