Data Overview

Publication
Energy and material flows of megacities
Author(s)
Kennedy, Christopher A. and Stewart, Iain and Facchini, Angelo and Cersosimo, Igor and Mele, Renata and Chen, Bin and Uda, Mariko and Kansal, Arun and Chiu, Anthony and Kim, Kwi-gon and Dubeux, Carolina and Lebre La Rovere, Emilio and Cunha, Bruno and Pin
City/Region
Beijing
Data Points
141

Data

MTU Area Sub-area Indicator Year Value Unit Comments
Energy total 10-year growth rate 2001-2011 - Total energy consumption (stationary + mobile) 2001 -2011 53.69 % Comments
Energy mobile 10-year growth rate 2001-2011 - Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2001 -2011 191.40 % Comments
Urban Characteristics economy 10-year growth rate in GDP 2001 to 2011 2001 -2011 244.37 %
Energy stationary 10-year growth rate in Total Electricity Consumption 2001-2011 2001 -2011 122.16 % Comments
Water consumption 10-year growth rate in water consumption 2001-2011 2001 -2011 -7.46 % Comments
Urban Characteristics weather Annnual precipitation 2011 720.60 mm
Urban Characteristics demography Brinkhoff population 2011 13,600,000 habitants
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - comercial and institutional 2001 176,070,000 m2 Comments
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - comercial and institutional 2006 244,040,000 m2 Comments
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - comercial and institutional 2011 368,730,000 m2 Comments
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - residential 2001 201,095,000 m2
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - residential 2006 326,650,000 m2
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - residential 2011 441,130,000 m2
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - residential per capita 2001 14.52 m2
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - residential per capita 2006 20.40 m2
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - residential per capita 2011 21.85 m2
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - total 2001 377,165,000 m2 Comments
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - total 2006 570,690,000 m2 Comments
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - total 2011 809,860,000 m2 Comments
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - total per capita 2001 27.23 m2
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - total per capita 2006 35.65 m2
Urban Characteristics land use Building gross floor area - total per capita 2011 40.12 m2
Materials building materials Cement - production 2001 10,163 Kt
Materials building materials Cement - production 2006 9,232.90 Kt
Materials building materials Cement - production 2011 7,273 Kt
Energy electricity sources Coal 2001 89.51 %
Energy electricity sources Coal 2006 62.29 %
Energy electricity sources Coal 2011 43.54 %
Urban Characteristics weather Cooling degree days 2011 218 CDD
Energy mobile Diesel 2001 43,940.89 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Diesel 2006 75,285.05 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Diesel 2011 102,603.65 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Electrical line losses 2001 3,511 GWh
Energy stationary Electrical line losses 2006 4,364 GWh
Energy stationary Electrical line losses 2011 4,682 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2001 36,319 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2006 57,535 GWh
Energy stationary Electricity consumption - grid 2011 80,686 GWh
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - commercial / institutional 2011 11.34 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - industrial 2011 29.80 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - residential 2011 17.90 %
Energy electricity consumption Electricity consumption share - transportation 2011 7.70 %
Materials biomass Food - consumption 2011 4,596 Kt
Materials biomass Food - production 2011 6,376 Kt
Energy mobile Gasoline 2001 59,375.28 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Gasoline 2006 119,372.81 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Gasoline 2011 167,783.49 TJ Comments
Urban Characteristics economy GDP 2001 370,800,000,000 Chinese yuan
Urban Characteristics economy GDP 2001 112,363,636,364 US dollars; 2010
Urban Characteristics economy GDP 2006 811,780,000,000 Chinese yuan
Urban Characteristics economy GDP 2006 231,937,142,857 US dollars; 2010
Urban Characteristics economy GDP 2011 1,625,190,000,000 Chinese yuan
Urban Characteristics economy GDP 2011 386,950,000,000 US dollars; 2010
Energy electricity sources GHG emissions factor 2001 952.86 t CO2e / GWh
Energy electricity sources GHG emissions factor 2006 748.80 t CO2e / GWh
Energy electricity sources GHG emissions factor 2011 608.51 t CO2e / GWh
Urban Characteristics weather Heating degree days 2011 2,955 HDD
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2001 3.80 %
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2006 21.07 %
Energy electricity sources Hydropower 2011 12.29 %
Urban Characteristics land use Land area 2011 16,411 km2
Water consumption Line losses 2001 595,170 ML
Water consumption Line losses 2006 524,790 ML
Water consumption Line losses 2011 550,800 ML
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2001 0.15 % Comments
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2006 0.15 % Comments
Water consumption Line losses as a percentage of consumption 2011 0.15 % Comments
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2001 0.23 %
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2006 0 %
Energy electricity sources Natural gas 2011 27.80 %
Energy electricity sources Off-site wind 2006 2.55 % Comments
Energy electricity sources Off-site wind 2011 6.16 % Comments
Energy electricity sources Oil 2001 6.46 %
Energy electricity sources Oil 2006 14.09 %
Energy electricity sources Oil 2011 9.84 %
Energy stationary Other 2001 622,978.85 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Other 2006 728,408.16 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Other 2011 652,342.88 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Other / fuel oil 2011 62.72 TJ
Energy mobile Other / kerosene 2001 53,232.27 TJ
Energy mobile Other / kerosene 2006 99,069.61 TJ
Energy mobile Other / kerosene 2011 185,739.38 TJ
Urban Characteristics demography Population 2001 13,851,000 habitants
Urban Characteristics demography Population 2006 16,010,000 habitants
Urban Characteristics demography Population 2011 20,186,000 habitants
Urban Characteristics demography Population growth rate 2001-11 2001 -2011 45.74 % Comments
Waste final disposal Solid waste disposal - land 2006 4,683 Kt
Waste final disposal Solid waste disposal - land 2011 4,295.70 Kt
Energy stationary energy consumption Stationary Energy Consumption - commercial/institutional 2011 13.20 %
Energy stationary energy consumption Stationary Energy Consumption - industrial 2011 32 %
Energy stationary energy consumption Stationary Energy Consumption - residential 2011 32.10 %
Materials building materials Steel - production 2001 8,090 Kt
Materials building materials Steel - production 2006 12,694 Kt
Materials building materials Steel - production 2011 2,895.80 Kt
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2001 36,319 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2001 130,748.40 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2006 57,535 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2006 207,126 TJ Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2011 80,686 GWh Comments
Energy stationary Total electricity consumption 2011 290,469.60 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) 2001 622,978.85 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) 2006 728,408.16 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption (heating + ind. fuels) 2011 652,342.88 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption (res & comm heating) 2011 295,511.33 TJ Comments
Energy total Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2001 910,275.69 TJ Comments
Energy total Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2006 1,229,261.63 TJ Comments
Energy total Total energy consumption - stationary + mobile 2011 1,399,001.73 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2001 156,548.43 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2006 293,727.47 TJ Comments
Energy mobile Total energy consumption - transportation excluding marine/jet fuel 2011 456,189.24 TJ Comments
Waste final disposal Total solid waste disposal 2006 4,781 Kt
Waste final disposal Total solid waste disposal 2011 5,240.30 Kt
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2001 3,890,000 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2006 3,430,000 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - excluding line losses 2011 3,600,000 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2001 4,485,170 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2006 3,954,790 ML Comments
Water consumption Total water consumption - including line losses 2011 4,150,800 ML Comments
Urban Characteristics land use Urbanized area 2011 3,377.15 km2
Waste final disposal Waste compost 2006 196 Kt
Waste final disposal Waste compost 2011 991 Kt
Waste final disposal Waste incineration 2006 98 Kt
Waste final disposal Waste incineration 2011 944.60 Kt
Water Wastewater Wastewater Loading 2001 170 kt COD Comments
Water Wastewater Wastewater Loading 2006 109.87 kt COD Comments
Water Wastewater Wastewater Loading 2011 193.20 kt COD Comments
Water Wastewater Wastewater Volume 2001 865,415 ML
Water Wastewater Wastewater Volume 2006 1,292,100 ML
Water Wastewater Wastewater Volume 2011 1,455,430 ML
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2001 3,890,000 ML
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2006 3,430,000 ML
Water consumption Water Consumption - excluding line losses 2011 3,600,000 ML
Water consumption Water Production 2001 3,890,000 ML
Water consumption Water Production 2006 3,430,000 ML
Water consumption Water Production 2011 3,600,000 ML
Water consumption Water Production - ground water 2001 2,720,000 ML
Water consumption Water Production - ground water 2006 2,220,000 ML
Water consumption Water Production - ground water 2011 1,880,000 ML
Water consumption Water Production - surface water 2001 1,170,000 ML
Water consumption Water Production - surface water 2006 570,000 ML
Water consumption Water Production - surface water 2011 480,000 ML

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