Analysis of Urban Metabolism Cycles for a Sustainable and Competitive Tourist City. The Case of Miramar (Buenos Aires, Argentina)

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Análisis de los ciclos de metabolismo urbano para una ciudad turística sustentable y competitiva. El caso de Miramar (Buenos Aires, Argentina)
Joaquín Testa
Marcela Bertoni
Julieta Maffioni
Conference Paper
VIII Simposio Internacional y XIV Jornadas Nacionales de Investigación Acción en Turismo
Miramar, as a sun and beach tourist destination, has been generating alternatives for tourism renewal aimed at sustainable development. A study of the consumption of resources and the production of waste is displayed with the objective of analyzing the urban metabolism cycles in this city and the viability to be sustainable and competitive tourist city. The proposed strategy was based on the metabolic cycles of the urban system: air, water, waste and energy.
The result point out that Miramar has a lack of efficiency in ensuring the closure of the material cycles. Although some positive aspects are evidenced by the incorporation of sustainability criteria in management. Political initiatives to improve the metabolic cycles do not materialize in practice and this reduces the viability of configuring Miramar as a sustainable destination in the short term. However, the implementation of projects on the agenda would improve the situation in the future.
Original Abstract
Miramar, como destino turístico de sol y playa, viene generando alternativas de reconversión del turismo orientadas al desarrollo sustentable. Se plantea un estudio del consumo de recursos y la producción de residuos con el objetivo analizar los ciclos del metabolismo urbano en esta ciudad turística y su viabilidad para ser sustentable y competitiva. La estrategia propuesta se basó en los ciclos metabólicos del sistema urbano: del aire, del agua, de los residuos y de la energía. Los resultados reflejan que Miramar tiene una la falta de eficiencia en garantizar el cierre de los ciclos de la materia. Aunque se evidencian algunos aspectos positivos por la incorporación de criterios de sustentabilidad en la gestión. Las iniciativas políticas para mejorar los ciclos metabólicos no se concretan en la práctica y en el corto plazo se reduce la viabilidad de Miramar de configurarse como un destino sostenible. Sin embargo, la concreción de proyectos en agenda mejoraría la situación a futuro.
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