The Ecological Footprint: Application in the Province of Tucumán

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Title
La Huella Ecológica: Aplicación en la Provincia de Tucumán
Author(s)
Ricardo René Ferrari
Ana Isabel Dantur
Lucía Zarbá
Year
2012
Type
Journal Article
Source
Revista Estudios Ambientales, Volume 7, Issue 26, Pages 95-106
Abstract
The Ecological Footprint is a method proposed by the 'Redefining Progress for people, nature and the economy' that calculates the area of land that requires an individual to maintain their quality of life, generating all the products they consume and assimilate their waste, based on a questionnaire with multiple choice answers. Finally compares the results from the questionnaire with standard values as an indicator of environmental sustainability. Make a relative valuation of different types of consumption divided in 4 categories: carbon, food, housing and goods and services footprint, allowing better identification of those activities that are less sustainable, and so lead change efforts more efficiently.
While the method proposed by the 'Ecological Footprint' is a comprehensive and effective indicator, is proposed for a type of society that does not fit to Tucuman's reality, since several of their questions have a structured approach and answer options that may not include alternatives related to the habits and the infrastructure that have the inhabitants of the province of Tucumán.
Through this study we proposal to adapt the method to make it a suitable tool for the residents of Tucumán to assess the impact they have on the environment, answering questions accessible and consistent with the patterns of consumption and living conditions in the province.
Original Abstract
La Huella Ecológica es un método propuesto por el grupo 'Redefining Progress for people, nature and the economy' que permite calcular la superficie de terreno que requiere un individuo para mantener su calidad de vida, generando todos los productos que consume y asimilando sus respectivos residuos, basado en un cuestionario con respuestas de opción múltiple. Finalmente compara los resultados obtenidos mediante el cuestionario con valores estándar como un indicador de sustentabilidad ambiental. Hace una valoración relativa de los distintos tipos de consumo dividiéndolos en 4 categorías: huella de carbono, alimentación, alojamiento y bienes y servicios, lo que permite identificar mejor las actividades menos sustentables para dirigir los esfuerzos de cambio de manera más eficiente.
Si bien el método propuesto por la 'Huella Ecológica' es un indicador muy completo y eficaz, está planteado para un tipo de sociedad que no se ajusta a la realidad tucumana, ya que varias de sus preguntas tienen un enfoque estructurado y sus posibles respuestas no incluyen alternativas relacionadas con los hábitos que poseen y la infraestructura con que cuentan los habitantes de la provincia de Tucumán.
Mediante este estudio se realiza una propuesta de adaptación del método para convertirlo en una herramienta adecuada para que los habitantes de Tucumán puedan evaluar el impacto que ejercen sobre el ambiente, respondiendo preguntas accesibles y coherentes con los hábitos de consumo y las condiciones de vida en la provincia.
Access
Open Access
More Information
http://www.exactas.unca.edu.ar/revista/v260/pdf/ciencia26-10.pdf

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